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Tutkimus ja kehitys
 
15.12.2015
AN ANTI-BULLYING CAMPAIN AS BACHELOR
 
 
Bullying happens in different forms
Bullying and peer victimization in schools have become a serious concern for students, parents, teachers and the school. It has become a type of violence that threatens a young person’s well-being both in school and in the neighborhood.

Bullying has been defined as a form of mistreatment, characterized by the repeated exposure of one person to physical or emotional aggression including teasing, name calling, mockery, threats, harassment, taunting, hazing, social exclusion or rumors.

Someone may be bullied either physically, especially in schools, or in the cyberspace. Cyber or online bullying is the use of various electronic means of communication to harass others or send defamatory information about them to others whereas school, physical, bullying can be described as victimization and intimidation of students by their fellow peers in a school environment.
 
Bullying might have long-lasting and permanent effects
Research has shown that involvement in bullying and peer victimization has a stronger association with measures of depression, anxiety, unhappiness, loneliness and self-esteem. Both bullied adolescents and adolescents who were aggressive towards others globally show lower global self-worth, higher levels of depressive symptoms, and more broad-spectrum psychological problems than the noninvolved adolescents. This can develop to a point where it results in serious catastrophic incidents such as homicide in schools; hence the need to take bullying prevention programs seriously.
 
Activities during the project and the creation of the Facebook page
During the anti-bullying sensitization and the project process the author had the opportunity, together with a few of his classmates, to attend the well-being day, hyvinvointipäivä, of Salon lukio (Salo upper secondary school) at which the “KAIKKI YHDEN PUOLESTA” (All For One) billboard was launched.

A large Manila paper billboard was created where participants were invited to draw or write something on the billboard to show their solidarity to those who are bullied.
 
Facebook page
Created Anti-bullying material was structured and published to be available on Facebook, which is wildly used by the young people. The main theme of the developed Facebook page is “Let us together unite against bullying for the better of our generation and generations to come, let us roll, stand and sing against it”. The Information is disseminated through posting bullying related messages, pictures, videos and other relevant material to be read on the Facebook timeline with the intent of raising awareness about bullying.
 
Prevention of bullying
Devising an effective bullying prevention program in schools is still a challenge. It remains everybody’s responsibility to do whatever they can to reduce bullying. It is first essential to educate those who are involved with the effects of bullying and encourage the victims to report.

It is recommended that comprehensive, multilevel strategies must target the bullies, victims, bystanders, families and communities to be most effective. It is necessary that an effective prevention program is boosted by launching an awareness campaign to make the objectives known to the schools, parents and the community members, as well as by establishing a school safety committee to implement and evaluate the prevention program.

Creating policies and rules, creating a mission statement, code of conduct, schoolwide rules and a bullying reporting system, as well as educating and training teachers and students on how to respond to incidences of bullying is paramount.
 
Kirjoittaja(t):
Steven Limo, nursing student, DP in Nursing & Heikki Ellilä, Principal Lecture